Countries in the world can be classified in several ways, one of which is in terms of the development and progress of a country. From this understanding, the terms developed countries and developing countries were born.
Developed countries are a term used to describe countries with advanced economic, social, and technological levels.
These countries usually have characteristics and indicators such as high per capita income, sophisticated technological infrastructure, high-quality education and health, political stability, and a high standard of living for their residents.
Basically, understanding the indicators that determine the status of developed countries is very important because this helps in assessing a country’s economic progress, improving the quality of life of the population, development planning, and making comparisons between countries.
Understanding these indicators also helps in monitoring progress over time and assessing the impact of policies that have been implemented by a country.
So, to better understand what developed and developing countries are, the characteristics, indicators, list of countries, and relationship between crypto investment in both developed and developing countries, see the complete review below.
Understanding Developed and Developing Countries Following are the Differences
As mentioned earlier, developed countries definition are countries that have achieved a high level of progress, both in the economic, social, and technological sectors. Developed countries also tend to have diverse economies, with industrial sectors strong in innovation and high technology.
Meanwhile, developing country is a term that refers to countries that are still in the process of reaching a higher level of economic, social, and technological progress.
These countries often face challenges such as low levels of per capita income, limited access to quality education and health care, underdeveloped infrastructure, and often political instability.
The differences between developed and developing countries can be seen in various ways, including per capita income, technological infrastructure, education and health, political stability, living standards, economy and industry, and technological progress.
Characteristics of Developed Countries
Developed countries have a number of distinctive characteristics that differentiate them from developing countries. These characteristics make developed countries a model of economic and social development that many countries hope for.
Some of the main characteristics that developed countries usually have include:
- Advanced Infrastructure : Developed countries have sophisticated infrastructure, including good transportation, telecommunications, electricity, and sanitation networks. Strong infrastructure supports economic growth and a better quality of life.
- Quality Health Care : The health care systems in developed countries are often considered to be the best in the world. The community has easy access to quality health care and state-of-the-art medical facilities.
- Political and Legal Stability: Developed countries tend to have high political stability and a strong rule of law. This creates a conducive environment for investment and sustainable economic development.
- Economic Diversification: Developed economies are usually diverse, with strong industrial sectors and multiple sources of income. They do not depend on a single economic sector. Access to Good Public Services: Citizens of developed countries have good access to various public services such as public transportation, sanitation, clean water, and other public facilities.
Characteristics of Developing Countries
Developing countries also have a number of distinctive characteristics that differentiate them from developed countries. The following are some of the main characteristics or characteristics of developing countries and some examples of countries that reflect these characteristics, namely:
- Limited Infrastructure: Infrastructure in developing countries is often limited or underdeveloped. Examples of countries: Sudan, Timor Leste, Congo.
- Limited Health Services: Access to quality health care is often limited, and infectious diseases are often a major health problem. Example countries: Sierra Leone, Burundi, and Guinea-Bissau.
- Political Instability and Conflict: Developing countries often face political challenges and conflicts that can hinder development. Examples of countries: Somalia, Afghanistan, and Sudan.
- Extreme Poverty : Extreme poverty is often a serious problem in developing countries, with a large proportion of the population living below the poverty line. Example countries: Malawi, Mozambique, and Nepal.
- Limited Access to Public Services : Citizens of developing countries may have limited or inadequate access to public services such as clean water, sanitation, and public transportation. Example countries: Bangladesh, Nigeria, and Pakistan.
Developed Country Indicators
Basically, knowing various indicators for developed and developing countries has a number of great interests.
By knowing various indicators of developed countries, we can have a better understanding of the conditions and development of these countries.
The following are several indicators for developed countries, including:
1. Have a high per capita income
A country is considered developed when the per capita income of its population reaches a high level. Per capita income reflects the amount of income received by individuals in the country. The higher the per capita income, the greater the individual’s purchasing power.
However, it is important to remember that per capita income is not the only indicator that determines a country’s progress status.
Quality of life also depends on other factors such as social stability, access to adequate health services, and a good level of education. So the success of a country in achieving prosperous status is not only determined by per capita income.
2. Low unemployment rate
Developed countries generally have low unemployment rates. This is because population growth tends to be stable, and the number of jobs available is sufficient for the majority of the population.
On the other hand, developing countries often experience high population growth and limited job opportunities.
However, high unemployment rates can also be caused by a lack of investment in education that produces a qualified workforce. Therefore, improving the quality of education is also key to reducing unemployment.
3: Low Level of Poverty Population
Apart from per capita income, the poverty level is also an important indicator in assessing whether a country can be considered developed or developing. If the number of poor people is small, then the country can be categorized as a developed country.
The low poverty level reflects the level of prosperity in the country. When the number of poor people is minimal, people’s purchasing power will be higher.
This allows them to better meet basic needs such as food, health, and education. Therefore, reducing poverty levels is also an important step in efforts to achieve developed country status.
4. Mastering Advanced Science and Technology
Developed countries tend to have the ability to produce, adopt, and develop advanced technology.
This includes having a strong technological infrastructure, high levels of investment in research and development, and the population’s broad access to knowledge and quality education.
Developed countries often have industrial sectors that focus on innovation, high technology, and new discoveries. This capability helps developed countries advance their economies and improve the quality of life of their residents.
5. High life expectancy and good health
High life expectancy and good health are signs of a developed country. This shows that the country has an efficient health care system, good access to health services, adequate nutrition, good sanitation, and awareness of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.
Developed countries often have low infant mortality rates, low maternal mortality rates during childbirth, and a lower severity of infectious diseases.
Additionally, they tend to have high levels of access to vaccinations and modern medical care
Developing Country Indicators
Just like in developed countries, knowing the indicators of developing countries is also important. By knowing the indicators of developing countries, we can better understand the situation and development of these countries.
This helps in planning and taking actions that support sustainable development and the well-being of people in these countries. The following are a number of indicators for developing countries, namely:
1. Has a relatively low per capita income
Per capita income in developing countries is generally lower than in developed countries. This is caused by high unemployment rates and a lack of employment opportunities that generate high income.
According to data from the World Bank, countries with low per capita income usually have income below US$ 975 per year.
2. Minimal health facilities
Health facilities in developing countries are often limited. The lack of adequate health facilities increases the population’s vulnerability to disease. Limited facilities also have an impact on the high death rate in developing countries, which in turn affects life expectancy.
3. Security is not guaranteed
Security in developing countries is often not as guaranteed as in developed countries. This security uncertainty can be reflected in high crime rates.
The reason why security factors are relevant in comparing developed and developing countries is because this factor has a big impact on the comfort of people living in those countries. Security also plays an important role in supporting economic activities and state development.
List Developing Countries in the World
So, which countries are considered developing countries? The following is a list of some countries that are still considered developing countries in 2023, as reported by the World Population Review:
- Sri Lanka
- south Africa
- Timor Leste
List Developed Countries in the World
After knowing the list of developing countries, now is the time to find out which countries are categorized as developed in the world. The following is a list of several developed countries in the world in 2023, as reported by the World Population Review:
- Hong Kong
- New Zealand
- great Britain
- South Korea
- United States of America
- United Arab Emirates
- Saudi Arabia
Relationship between Crypto Investment in Developed and Developing Countries
Crypto investment has become an important topic in the global financial world and is inseparable from the differences between developed and developing countries. In this regard, market research company Toluna conducted a survey of 9,000 respondents from 17 countries in order to compile its February report.
Survey results show that more investors in emerging markets in the APAC and LATAM regions tend to believe that investment in crypto assets is experiencing a long-term upward trend.
This is different from markets in developed countries, where the more general trend is that crypto assets are in the midst of another hype cycle.
Emerging markets have shown attractive potential for the growth of the crypto asset industry. As many as 32% of consumers who participated in this survey showed their confidence in crypto assets.
This figure outperforms developed markets such as the United States and the European Union, where only 14% of respondents have similar confidence in crypto assets.
Data indicates that there are two main factors that influence major differences in investment strategies, namely the level of awareness and understanding of the crypto asset market.
Although 61% of respondents stated that they were knowledgeable about crypto assets, only 23% claimed to have a deep understanding of this asset class.
The survey results concluded that the generation with the highest proportion of crypto asset investors is Millennials. Toluna found that on average, around 40.5% of Millennials aged 25–34, in both emerging and developed markets, are involved in crypto investment.
In conclusion, there are several main indicators that determine the status of a developed country, including having a high per capita income, a low unemployment rate, a low poverty rate, mastery of advanced science and technology, a high life expectancy, and good health.
Ultimately, it is important to continue monitoring developments in developed countries to understand changes in this status.
The reason is that the status of developed countries is not static, and developed countries can experience changes in various aspects, as is what happens in developing countries.
So, now you understand what developed and developing countries are, the characteristics, indicators, list of countries, and relationship between crypto investment in both developed and developing countries.
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